essential words 1.
Here are three words that are essential
VAR YOK MI/MU
Since there is no Turkish word for HAVE or HAVENT nor to ask about them, the following expressions are used.

VAR this is used to say there is something. .it exists
YOK this is used to say there isnt something it doesnt exist
MI/MU is used to ask if there is or if there isnt something. does it exist ?
VAR MI? is there/ does (whatever) exist ?
YOK MU ? isnt there/doesnt 'whatever' exist ?
TİP Think of MI/MU (and its other variations Mİ MÜ) as a spoken question mark M?İ

the 'something ' can be anything ... food children house money family car soup chips beer vodka sugar washing powder screws paint etc..whatever it is you are enquiring about,
learn this form and straight away you have increased your ability to communicate.

Lets look at them in practice.
in the first example you are asking if there is any bread.

and this is all you need to say...
Ekmek VAR MI?'
İs there bread ?

the answer can be
Ekmek Var..
bread have.
there is bread.

or the answer could be ...
Ekmek YOK
bread have not
no there isnt any bread.

or maybe you have looked in the bread cupboard outside the 'Bakkal dükkanı/grocer shop and its empty so you can ask inside the shop

Ekmek YOK MU ?
bread not have ?
dont you have any bread ?

that seems strange to us..but you cant translate Turkish word for word especially in everyday situations.

Now you are armed with these three little words there are endless ways you can use them...and understand the reply.

Taze süt VAR MI ?
fresh milk have?
is there fresh milk.?

Taze süt var
Fresh milk have (it exists)
there is fresh milk.

taze süt yok.
theres no fresh milk

the following examples are using İ and you on the ends ..can you see that.
can you translate them

ParaN var mı ?
ParaM var.
ParaM yok
paraN yok mu?
Araban var mı?
Arabam var
Arabam yok
Araban yok mu ?

and how about these into Turkish ..bit harder..but try without googles help!!
1.Have you a bigger size?
2.have you Vodafone kontörs?
3.there are Vodafone Kontörs
4.there are not Vodafone kontürs
3.have you children?
4.İ have children
5.i have not children
6.have you english books
7. have you small change.
 
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Valian

Let sleeping dogs lie
essential words 1.
Well explained Shirley. (I could answer all the questions Bev :))
 

sparrow

Nadine in disguise
essential words 1.
Hi Shirley...... I see you started again
güzel
I will do the first sentence
"Do you have a bigger size"
"Daha büyük beden var mı ?"

I leave the rest to the others......
 
essential words 1.
İ hadnt seen Firebrands thread about female relatives when İ posted this today..i dont want to seem to be taking over..its great when we all contribute
evet i am now tryin to lose weight (as you know !)..and then i can ask
Daha küçük var mı? haha
 

Firebrand

Member
essential words 1.
I've had a go at the second one. Have I over complicated it?

2.have you Vodafone kontörs?
Vodafone'nın kontörusu var mı?
 
essential words 1.
Hi Firebrand..just a bit
although you have got the possessive agreement ok for something like this..you dont need it
you just ask
Vodafone kontörü var mı ?
you just need the Ü on the end to complete it
the important bit here is the VAR MI
 

mrkeith

Member
essential words 1.
A little bit of shopping
assistant-Başka şey var mi?......Anything else?
you-hepsi bu kadar.......That's all
you-borçum ne kadar?.....How much do I owe?
assistant-Nakit para?......Cash?
you-Evet..........Yes
assistant-Ikı yuz yeter......Two hundred is enough
you-tamam...........OK
assistant-Poşet istiyormısınız?.........Would you like a bag?
you-yok sağ, iyi burli...........No thanks, it's fine like this.

Shirley will be along soon to correct the grammar, İnşallah
 
essential words 1.
Wow Keith..İ'd forgotten this one from last year..how time flies.

i would just change the last two

assistant-Poşet istiyormısınız?.........Would you like a bag?
poşet ister misiniz

you-yok sağ, iyi burli...........No thanks, it's fine like this.
sağol böyle iyi
 

mrkeith

Member
essential words 1.
The one point I am trying to get across though Shirley is you dont have to be word perfect to be understood and I think too many people worry about being too precise in what they say.
Anliyormusun?
 
essential words 1.
quite right Keith..and thats true of any language which is not our own...

but at the same time we have to be understood.

im sure you have come across many people in the UK who can with a few words get their meaning across.......and others whose attempts are just garbled.

we have to try the best we can...
 

REDDERS

senior member
essential words 1.
Shirley,i'v just started basic conversational turkish lessons,in Gumbet.This plus your posts & things are starting to SLOWLY come together.

Thanks,
Martin..
 

funlife

Member
essential words 1.
Me too thanks Shirley Nur hasnt been able to explain this for me , must get her into english classes and more important me Turkish lesons !
 

ibrahim

New Member
essential words 1.
-->: essential words 1.

VAR / - sa correct spelling VAR / ise
YOK / - sa correct spelling YOK / ise

VAR / dır When asked in question ( VARDIR ) There is

YOK / tur When asked in question (YOKTUR) There is no


"I hope I wrote the correct"
 
essential words 1.
Re: -->: essential words 1.

VAR / - sa correct spelling VAR / ise
YOK / - sa correct spelling YOK / ise

VAR / dır When asked in question ( VARDIR ) There is

YOK / tur When asked in question (YOKTUR) There is no


"I hope I wrote the correct"


hi İbrahim..welcome to the forum i hope you will be a regular contributor to these threads..we need a Turkish person to help.

i dont understand what you are trying to explain above ?

because i didnt use the SA/SE tense ....(dilek şart kipi örneği vermedim.. çünkü sadece temel Türkçe açıklamak isterdim)
 
essential words 1.
hi Bero0o..yes teşekkürler is correct.. it means thanks

teşekkür etmek means to thank using the helping verb ETMEK

teşekkür ederim i thank you
 

karaboga1

Member
essential words 1.
Hi these are going to help me loads!!! :D I learnt what Turkish I do know by spending a few months in Konya with my husbands family who spoke no English but i just learnt actual words so when it comes to putting them in a sentence is where I get stuck, and because his family understand the way I speak now they never really correct me lol.. As I'm moving to Turkey next year I would love to be able to use all the endings that I find really difficult. Think I'm going to have to go back to basics. Plus I get embarrased speaking it incase its wrong... x
 

nomad

Member
essential words 1.
Here are three words that are essential
VAR YOK MI/MU
Since there is no Turkish word for HAVE or HAVENT nor to ask about them, the following expressions are used.

Actually, there is a word for "Have", although Ottomanish, but, used in daily life.. Sahip (olmak) which can also be used for "Have", though "sahip" means "Own." (for ex, you don't say "I own a wife", but, you say "I have a wife.")

The word "Exist" too can be used for "Var". But, there is another Ottomanish word, "Mevcut (olmak)", which corresponds to "Exist".

Var corresponds to "There is/are" better.

Btw, if you hear an expression like "yok yok", it means "var, there are everythings except yok.."
 

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