bobthenob

Non Active Member
copy and paste a slug
Is the UK facing a slug plague?
WHO, WHAT, WHY?
The Magazine answers...
l never done this before,to copy and paste.l took this article from the BBC news magazine,l tried to copy and paste a slug on the forum,it just wasn't slimey enough.


Slugs can lay 500 eggs a year
If all the rain this summer wasn't bad enough, the weather conditions have resulted in record numbers of slugs. Are the slimy critters set for a population boom?

At least it's been a good summer for someone. Plentiful rain, warm temperatures and a shortage of sun have provided perfect munching conditions for slugs.

As a result the slimy, plant-munching gastropod have reached record numbers, with almost 15 billion estimated to be thriving in the UK.

Gardens and crops are said to be facing devastation as the current numbers are certainly unprecedented. Much now depends on weather conditions in the next few months, says Bill Lankford, who is involved in a slug-watch programme for Bayer CropScience.


THE ANSWER
Potentially, if the wet but warm weather conditions continue as forecast
If it continues to be wet and warm - as long-range forecasts suggest - the infestation could develop into a plague.

"If these conditions continue the slugs will not stop breeding and they are prolific breeders," says Geoff Philpott, a farmer from Broadstairs in Kent.

"I'm trying to deal with four times the number of slugs and snails I usually have and that's hard enough."

Devastating

Normally a dry, hot period over summer kills off large numbers of slugs, says Dr Lankford. But this year they have enjoyed perfect moist conditions and as a result an average of 61 have been found per square metre of land in counts done by Bayer CropScience.

This is an increase of more than 50% on previous years and the total slug population would be nearly 15 billion if this is replicated across the UK. Some areas have been particularly badly hit - in parts of Gloucestershire there are 100 slugs per square foot.


WHO, WHAT, WHY?

A regular part of the BBC News Magazine, Who, What, Why? aims to answer some of the questions behind the headlines

What also makes an increase in numbers such a concern is the fact they eat twice their body weight every day. High numbers of slugs have the potential to destroy entire fields of crops, say experts.

"We are entering the planting season for wheat and the number of slugs we are seeing have the potential to devastate such crops," says Dr Lankford.

The slug boom has already resulted in farmers' costs rising and if they increase even further it could result in everyone being hit in the pocket.

"I usually put down two lots of slug pellets - already this year I have put down four and am about to do another," says Mr Philpott. "It all pushes up costs, which someone has to pay."
 
copy and paste a slug
Hi Bob

Having just retired over a month now, I have been tackling the garden frequently this last two weeks, we have 25 large painted white stones all along our grass border about a yard apart to prevent cars from encroaching onto our garden, when I moved these to cut the grass the other day, there were about 20/30 slugs under each one, horrible wee slimey bu--ers.

Cheers Peter
 

bobthenob

Non Active Member
copy and paste a slug
petermcintosh said:
Hi Bob

Having just retired over a month now, I have been tackling the garden frequently this last two weeks, we have 25 large painted white stones all along our grass border about a yard apart to prevent cars from encroaching onto our garden, when I moved these to cut the grass the other day, there were about 20/30 slugs under each one, horrible wee slimey bu--ers.

Cheers Peter
lt seems that you have an epidemic in the making here Pete,their are many ways to get rid of these slime makers,but l believe in the organic and humane way of dealing with them.l don't believe in using poisons,salts,or using a torch gun,mentioned by a member from another thread.lntroduce animals that just to love munching on a slug,hedge hogs,toads,slow worms etc,and their are others,go around and destroy the eggs,you'll find these mainly during the end off summer underneath rocks in crevasses
 

Andy

Senior Member
copy and paste a slug
Must admit Bob, the plague has hit us hard in the south.
I go out on a daily basis and pick up at least 20 Slugs &
Snails. The biggest Slug i have ever seen was killed by me
yesterday it was 1 inch across and roughly 10 - 12inches
long. Things like this that ruin my veg and pot plants i have
no time for so they get killed by drowning in beer.
 
copy and paste a slug
great post Bob..and yes you have got the paste down to a fine art...
i haven't seen many slugs in the garden here this summer though..must be all in the uk
 

bobthenob

Non Active Member
copy and paste a slug
l know the sort of slug your on about Andy,l forgot the name of it ,but its black and can grow to the length you suggested,and they only seem to occur when the conditions are right for this species of slug.lt has been a very wet year for britian triggering of this plague of invaders causing a munching frenzy in someone's beloved fruit and veg patch,hedgehogs,toads,slow worms won't touch them.l know many people haven't got the time to pick the critters up before dusk,but the trouble with pestisides,they can poison the soil and the surrounding areas creating more of a problem in the future.

No Bob we don't seem to have any Black Slugs just the Ginger colour ones
 
Last edited by a moderator:
copy and paste a slug
Hi Bob

Thanks for the reply, but don,t know how the hedgehog is going to move the stones to get to the slugs, it takes me a fair bit of effort to move them!

Cheers Peter
 

bobthenob

Non Active Member
copy and paste a slug
Anyone that has a severe slug problem,then this article from the BBc magazine that l copied from, will give you some ideas on how to control this menace


"Roses grow best on heavy clay soils with lots of organic matter helping to keep the surface roots moist and wet!"



Red roses

Hedge planting

Rose planting



Slugs Problems

The GardenAdvice guide to controlling slugs and snails in your garden.

There are 24 different species of slug in Britain, about half of which can be found in the garden. Most slugs eat decaying vegetation, but readily switch to young or delicate plants, feeding on the leaves, stems, roots and tubers. They evolved from snails and in the course of doing so lost all, or most of their shell. All slugs are hermaphrodite, that are they have both male and female sex organs. Mating and cross-fertilisation is the norm, but every individual produces the spherical translucent eggs. These are laid in batches in damp places in the soil or under stones. A small replica of the adult emerges from the egg, and takes between 2 months and a year to mature. The activity of slugs and snails is highest in the spring and autumn. Slugs need to keep moist at all times otherwise they will dehydrate and die: thus they are nocturnal, and more active when it is wet.

GardenAdvice.co.uk 6 steps to slug control in your garden

1.soil conditions
Slugs need spaces to move through the soil; creating a good fine tilth will discourages them. Moving the soil surface with a rake in winter will expose many slugs and their eggs to frost damage.

2,hygenic practise
Remove fallen and damaged leafs from your tender plants remember slugs eat decaying vegetation, so remove this source of food.

3.Encourage predators
Ground and rove beetles, centipedes, frogs and toads, slow-worms, hedgehogs and many species of birds all eat significant numbers of slugs. To encourage frogs and toads maintain a pond (without goldfish) and for slow-worms keep some long grass and avoid using a strimmer.
The Hedgehog Method:
Hedgehogs are predators of slugs so you need to attract them into the garden. At night time lay out dog food, which they love to eat - don't use bread or milk because it's bad for them. Once we've got them into the garden we need to keep them, so provide them with a water-proof box, about 18 inches long and 12 inches deep, fill it with straw so it's nice and snug, make it waterproof and hide it by covering it with leaves. Then the hedgehog can live in there. You'll not only get rid of pests, but, if you have children, they'll be delighted.
The Trench Method:
To encourage ground and rover beetles. Dig a trench about six inches deep and three inches across, and then line it with pebbles and Perspex edges. Beetles, which are a predator of slugs, will fall into the trench and can hide under the pebbles, which will protect them from birds. When the slug falls in, the beetle will have his dinner.
Parasitic nematodes
(Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita) are available from Defenders Limited (01233 813121). These must be applied to the soil in solution. Be sure to follow the pack instructions. Treatment should be done in a block and the soil temperature must be above 5 degrees C.

4.Barrier methods:
Various materials or uncomfortable for slugs and snails to cross and a barrier provides some protection for vulnerable and valuable plants.
Vermiculite
Vermiculite, which is normally a compost addition, and this is an interesting product because as it swells up with water - and we all know slugs love water - it actually moves which the slugs dislike. We've found vermiculite to be 90% effective as a control; we put it around the base of a plant in a ring. It's particularly good for plants that love water.
Gravel
The only gravel that works as a barrier is the crushed form because it has very sharp edges our favour is horticultural grit 4 -8 mm.
Bark
Bark has a downside that in wet weather it can help the slugs travel to your plants. However in a dry season using a coarse bark made from large pieces is difficult for the slugs to move through because it becomes very dry.

5.Hand picking and trapping: slugs can be collected at night with a torch. Traps can concentrate slugs to specific areas for picking. Traps made from glossy magazines, but old bits of carpet or old plastic plant trays make more effective slug traps. These provide a damp place to rest during the day and slugs can be removed in daylight. Such traps also provide refuge for ground beetles and centipedes that feed on slugs and their eggs. Using suicide plants to bring the slugs out of the soil for collection before you plant or sow your crop can also help to reduce numbers and restrict damage

6.Trapping
If you need results quickly trapping is the method to opt for.
The Beer Trap Method:
This is quite a traditional technique. All you need is a jar, put it on its side with a small amount of alcoholic beverage in it, and when slugs come along they'll drown in it. It's very simple, it's effective, and you don't need the whole can either.
Black plastic bag method
If you have a slug attack in one area in your garden this is a quick method to reduce the numbers . Take one black bin liner place on the ground in between your tender plants, then place two lettuce which are well pass there sales date. Finally add two tea cups of breakfast bran and pour a cup full of beer (bitter is best) over the lettuce. Leave over night with the top open and check in the morning, the slug should have climbed into the bag over night and as the sun raises in the morning taken shelter in the bottom of the bag, ready to be removed from your garden.
Slug X
This is a slug trap that has been developed over a two-year period, using trials with cardboard boxes before the final plastic prototype was manufactured. The gardenAdvice team presently have these traps under trial. More details can be found at www.westfield-products.co.uk
And finally, if you have both the space and the right environment then ducks and chickens are dual-purpose domestic animals that are great slug and snail hunters.
 

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