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A timeline of Turkey's quest to join the European Union
A timeline of Turkey's quest to join the European Union

Turkish Daily News

Sunday, October 2, 2005

- 1952: Turkey joins NATO.

- 1959: Ankara applies for associate membership in the European Economic Community, the EU forerunner.

- 1963: Turkey becomes an associate member, winning an automatic prospect of full membership.

- 1974: Turkish militarily intervenes in Cyprus after diplomacy fails to resolve Turkish-Greek Cypriot conflicts.

- 1978-79: EU suggests Turkey apply for membership along with Greece. Turkey declines.

- 1980: Turkish army overthrows government. Relations with the EU are frozen.

- 1983: Turkish Cypriots create the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (KKTC). Parliamentary elections are held in Turkey, military rule ends.

- April 14, 1987: Turkey applies for EU membership.

- Dec. 18, 1989: EU says Turkey eligible to join, but not ready yet.

- Jan. 1, 1996: EU-Turkey customs union starts.

- Dec. 13, 1997: EU leaders say East Europeans can join, but not Turkey. Ankara freezes relations with the EU.

- Dec. 10, 1999: EU leaders declare Turkey a candidate for membership.

- Sep. 2001: Turkish Parliament adopts over 30 constitutional amendments meeting EU membership criteria.

- August 2002: Turkish Parliament passes sweeping human rights reforms.

- Dec. 12, 2002: EU leaders say they will judge Turkey's economic, political reforms in late 2004.

- Jan. 2004: Turkey bans the death penalty.

- Oct. 6, 2004: EU's head office recommends opening membership talks.

- Dec. 17, 2004: EU to say when talks will open. Negotiations may last a decade or more.

- June 29, 2005: EU Commission proposes "open-ended" talks begin Oct. 3 in a draft negotiating framework document.

- July 29, 2005: Turkey signs a protocol extending its customs union deal with the EU to 10 new members, including Greek Cyprus, but says in an attached declaration that this does not amount to recognition of the Greek Cypriot administration.

- Sept. 21, 2005: EU issues a counter-declaration, saying the Turkish declaration has no binding effect and urges Turkey to recognize Greek Cyprus and open its ports and airports to traffic from Greek Cyprus.

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